"Om hram hreem hroum sah suryaya namah"
Java kusuma sankasam kashyapeyam mahadutim
Tamorim Sarva paapghnam pranatosmi Divakaram
"Om shram sreem shraum sah chandraya namah"
Dadhi Shankha tushaarabham ksheero darnava sambhavam
Namaami shashinam somam shambhor mukuta bhushanam
"Om kram kreem kroum sah bhaumaya namah "
Dharani garbha sambhutam vidyut kanti samaprabham
Kumaram shakti hastam tam mangalam pranamamyaham
"Om bram breem broum sah budhaya namah"
Priyangu Kalika Shyaamam Roopena Pratimam Budham
Soumyam Soumya gunopetam tam Budham Pranamamyaham.
"Om jhram jhreem jroum sah gurave namah "
Devanam cha rishinam cha Gurum kaanchan Sannibhaam
Buddhi bhutam Trilokesham tam namaami Brihaspatim.
"Om dram dreem droum sah shukraya namah "
"Om bhram bhreem bhroum sah rahave namah "
"Om shram shreem shroum sah ketave namah "
Shanidev (SATURN) (JUPITER)
"Om pram preem proum sah shanaischaraya namah "
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OM! First we pray to Gananayaka-Ekdanta-Vardayaka-Vinayaka and ask Him to bless us. (1) Then we will ask for the blessings from the goddess of speech, Sarswati who rides the swans and also has Veena in her other hand. (2) We also seek blessings from our Guru. We also pray to Panduranga. With the blessings of God, now I try to translate into English (line by line) about the importance of all the nine planets (Navgraha), which was first written in Gujarathi and then translated into Marathi in many verses long back. After listening to this narration with due concentration, all the obstacles in your path will be removed. (5)
Vikramaditya once ruled the city of Ujjayini. He was intellectual philanthropist and righteous and was ever anxious to relieve his subjects' miseries. He treated his citizens as his own children, and they in turn regarded him as their own father. Once, there ware many learned and wise men in his court who have mastered the scriptures. King Vikramaditya started the discussion over which of the Nine Planets is superior. (8)
So all the learned men opened their books and scriptures and came forward to take part in the discussion by telling the audience about their favorite planet. (10) The first wise man started with the planet Sun. He said, ‘The Sun is very important and the chief deity as all the rest of the planets move according to his command. He is called Suryanarayan as Sun-god. Sun gives life to all the creatures. Sun is the brightest planet and the person who worships Sun gets every thing in life. One can get rid of pain due to illness and poverty just by thinking about Sun and those who worship Sun get all the desires fulfilled. Though all the nine planets are powerful, Sun has great strength and, we can actually see that with our own eyes.’ (16)
Then the second wise man stood in the front of the assembly and said, ’Moon is the best planet. Moon is a gardener and owns all the plants and trees. He gives the light at night like a nector to all the plants and trees and nourishes them to grow. He is so cool and that’s why Lord Shiva keeps the Moon on his forehead to soothe him. That’s why he is the greatest of all. Moon does not trouble any body and gives pleasure to all. Moon’s mind is clear. So it is nice to worship Moon.’ (20)
Then the third wise man stood and said to the King, ‘Mars is a goldsmith and is very powerful and very cruel. We do not know about his cruelty, which is like edge of a sword, and we don’t know how it will swing. But, Mars will bless his worshipers and will be always happy with them and fulfill all the desires of their lives. And, those who do not worship him due to their pride will face the wrath of Mars. They will loose all the wealth and their descendants and ultimately ruin their lives.’ (25)
After this the fourth wise man started to say, ’Mercury is very powerful. Of all the planets Mercury has amazing valor. He is a merchant and is on the apex among the Nine-planets. If Mercury is pleased he will make you rich and make all the ways easy and all the projects without any shortcomings. Remember that this is how he gives great favors. Mercury is wise and not cruel, who removes the worldly worries of everybody all the times.’ (30)
Then the fifth wise man said, ‘ Jupiter has amazing power. Jupiter is the first in the rank of gods including Indradev. Extent of Jupiter’s knowledge is beyond comprehension. He is full of mercy to his devotees. He removes earthly pangs and crushes the bad results of your good and bad deeds. Just by looking at him, you will get rid of all the sorrows, pain and poverty. Jupiter is most desirable among the nine planets. Jupiter is Brahmin, the highest cast. All the gods respect him and listen to him. You don’t have to look after other planets, if you serve Jupiter. If you worship Jupiter, all the other planets will be pleased. Even the Lord Shiva prays to Jupiter. This is how Jupiter is the first in the rank.’ (37)
Then the sixth wise man said, ‘ Venus is very good planet. Venus is known as Shukra in Sanskrit. Shukra favored demons by using the Sanjivani Mantra for rejuvenating demons after their death. Shukra is also demon’s Guru, spiritual master. All the three universes are under his command. So, he has boundless power. That’s why he is the greatest of all. Shukra will destroy all the deeds, good or bad. Just by chanting his name all the obstacles are vanished. Those who worship Shukra, their courage becomes limitless.Shukra’s body is bright and shining and he is one-eyed. Just by remembering his name, you can get rid of all the pains, illness and poverty. His greatness is describe in the scriptures. So, he is the greatest of all the nine planets.’ (43)
After listening about these six plantes, the King Vikramaditya nodded his head and said, ‘You did very excellent job to describe the greatness about the planets so we should all remember these plantes all the time. And now, let us know if any other planets are left. And if so, let us know more about them as well.’ (45)
Then some of the men said, ‘Rahu and Ketu are two other planets. Both are very peculiar. They both come from the dynasty of demons and belong to Matang cast or tribe. Both of them are very cruel. The Moon and the Sun are scared and shudder just by looking at them. (47) Rahu troubles Chandra, the Moon. And Ketu troubles Surya, the Sun. We call this and see as an eclipse. They also trouble all humans as well as other creatures. But, after worshiping them the troubles are minimized. Oh King, both of them trouble all of us as per their nature as both of them look alike. However, they are pleased with the worship so we should always worship them.’ (51)
Then the ninth wise man said, ‘ Shanidev, Saturn is the greatest of all and he has the most amazing strength. We do not know his style. (52) The person gets easy ways after getting Shanidev’s blessings. And a person will have all the problems when Shanidev gets angry. That person’s life is ruined for an endless period. Shanidev gets angry very quickly. Whether it is with the gods or demons he is undefeated any battles. He is the cause of all pains. But the wise and learned people respect Shanidev and worship him and thus get the blessings from Shanidev. Shanidev is an oilman and his body is black. He walks lamely but he is handsome. He worships God of Time (Kalbhairav). (57) He crushes anybody merely by his looks or sometimes, he blesses and gives all the pleasures too.
Now listen the story about his wonderful eyesight. When Shanidev was born he looked at his father, the Sun god with his charioteer and horses. As soon as he looked at them, Sun god got inflected with terrible skin disease, the charioteer turned lame and the horses became blind. They all tried every other remedy but, without any success. When Shanidev looked at them again Sun god with his charioteer and horses became normal and healthy. When King Vikramaditya listened to this talk, he laughed and said, ‘ It is useless to give birth to this kind of a son. This son is just like an enemy. Oh wise men, let me know, if this kind of son damages so much at just after the birth, how much more damage he might do later on. King Vikramaditya said this very loudly while clapping his hands in mockery. As King Vikramaditya finished saying, a very strange thing happened. Please listen vary carefully what happened next.
That time, Shanidev was flying in that vicinity in his plane and he heard what the King said. Immediately Shanidev descended his airplane down and came to the King’s court. Then the all wise men saw Shanidev in his airplane and said that Shainidev is here. So, the King immediately stood up and bowed down at Shanidev’s feet. But, Shanidev pushed him aside and said that you are an arrogant King and amazingly good in sarcasms and taunting. Now I will show you the wonder that you will never forget. Because you talk too much sarcastically, I, the Saturn will move in the place of Virgo of your horoscope. Then you will see the amazing results of your (bad) luck. After saying this, Shanidev embarked in his plane. So King begged for the mercy and asked for forgiveness. But Shanidev refused and insisted that he will definitely show the bad results and swiftly flew away.
So the King was sad and started to think and said to the wise men that he made fun of Shanidev and hurt his feelings unnecessarily. Now, Shanidev will definitely trouble me. So, what shall I do? Is ther any way? However, whatever is going to happen will happen. But that's the way we think and act. So the king became more sad about his fate. And then he adjourned the meeting of the wise men and went for retreat in his bed room. Then one month passed and Shanidev moved to the twelfth house of his horoscope. This is supposed to be the worst and cruel situation that could happen in any body’s horoscope.
Then the wise men said that King should worship Shanidev, as Shanidev will definitely rule over your horoscope for next seven and half years. Since you made fun of him he will trouble you as he can trouble all the three universes. The wise men then showed the method as how one could worship Shanidev. They said, ‘ Listen to this method very attentively. First take a shower with medicinal herbs. Then, take an iron shoe of a horse and make an idol of that iron shoe. Then install that idol in an earthen pot. By pouring mixture of oil and water on the idol start worship. Then chant Shanidev’s name for twentythree thousand times. After that, give gifts to the Brahmins as if they are Shanidev. When the Brahmins will be happy, think, that Shanidev is happy. Then the King said, ‘ But, Shanidev would not be pleased with me. So let it happen what is going to happen.’ Then he told the wise men to leave and go home. (76)
Now listen carefully what happened next, After few days, sometime in the afternoon, Shanidev came to Ujjayani as a horse trader. He had customers as well. The King Vikramaditya also came there and inquired about the horse prices. Then Shanidev said, ‘Try this horse for riding. Then you will know what is the real worth of this horse.’ Then he brought a nice horse with a rider on the horse. The horse rider moved the horse in circles. The horse had a very good speed. Then he brought another beautiful horse. and said, ‘This horse is worth million rupees.’ He immediately brought this horse in front of the King and asked him to ride the horse. The King mounted on the horse and used his whip. That made the horse to run at the speed of a wind. To calm down the horse the King whipped him again. But the horse started to run faster and faster as if the horse is flying. Soon, the horse took the king far away on other side of a river in far away forest. When the horse stopped the king came down and noticed with surprise that the horse disappeared and so the river and the forest. He thought, nobody knows how God acts so why bother about the horse or the river. Soon there was sunset while he kept on thinking what to do next. After that it was dark due to night and he could not see any path in the forest so, he just laid down to sleep. At the Sun rose in the morning he walked slowly about eight miles towards a city called Tamlinda. (106)
Now let us see what happened in the city of Ujjaini. Eight hours passed and still the King did not return, so all the citizens of Ujjaini waited and waited for the King. So Shanidev in the form of the the horse trader asked the Prime Minister either to pay the price of the horse or return the horse. So, the Prime Minister paid the full price of the horse. Then Shanidev in the form of the horse trader went away. But the Prime Minister became very sad and he started to search the King. All the citizens participated in the search all over the country. (114)
Now, let us see the condition of King Vikramaditya. As he entered the city called Tamlinda, he met a very rich merchant who was running a shop. His sale was always double. After seeing the King, the merchant thought him as a very fine gentleman. So, the merchant welcomed the King with some calculated schemes. He asked the king to refresh himself by taking shower etc. And then, inquired about him as a formality. So king replied that he is a Kshatriya and came from a foreign land as he was in transit. So merchant ordered nice meals of six flavors (six course meal) for the king. Then he told the king to have dinner with him, stay for the night and then leave in the morning. (118)
After the dinner the merchant asked for more details about the king very frankly as he had some other intentions about the king.
It so happened that the merchant had a daughter of a marriageable age. Her name was Alolika. She could not find a suitable match for herself, nor the merchant could find one for her. So the merchant had an idea that this Kshtriya would be a good match for Alolika. So he said to Alolika, ‘I found a very good match for you. Please marry him without any hesitation'But Alolika said, ‘Let me talk to him and then I can judge from the way he talks whether this kshtriya is good match for me. You might have seen many good qualities in him, but still, let me judge him.’ So she asked her father to send the kshtrya to the guest room, which was a studio for a painter.
Then soon there was sunset and the king went to the guest room, which was a studio for a painter. When the king reached there, he saw that there were many good painigs of the birds such swans, peacocks etc as well as horses and elephants. The paintings were so realistic that one could feel that the birds and the animals were alive. He sat on the bed which was decorated with jewels and beautiful colors and flowers.He also noticed that there ware many lamps in every corner. On seeing this he was astonished and kept on marveling about the customs of that place. Then he thought what to do and decided to face the next moments as they come. He also thought that, he will face whatever happens next, as this must have been planned by Shanidev who bothers all. With this thoughts, the King went to sleep, but, his mind was still alert. He had many different thoughts and so he could not sleep. As he could not get the sleep, he covered his head.After words, the daughter of the merchant entered in the hall where the king was sleeping. She brought with her all the paraphernalia as per the custom of the time such as five oil lamps in a plate with flowers etc. to greet the king. She did beautiful make up and wore pearl necklaces and used very aromatic perfumes. She also wore anklets, which were making a very pleasant sound. She had also diamond ornaments on her hands, which ware shining very brightly. She was looking like a beautiful statue. And, she stood in front of the King. But, the King pretended to be fast asleep. As the King could not be awaken, Alokika, the daughter, thought for a while and sprinkled some water from sandle wood jug. Even then the King did not wake up. Thus, about two hours passed. Alokika got tired and took off her pearl necklace and hung on the peg that was on the near by wall. And, she slept in somewhat worried condition.
Then King uncovered his head and started to think, ‘ I am such a pious person and keen on being philanthropist and day and night I am afraid that I might commit any little bit of immoral doings. As such, I should treat this girl like a daughter and talk to her in that respect.'Then he looked around and saw the paintings. And, as if it would be a miracle, the swan from one of the paintings came to life. The swan came down from the painting and approached near the pearl necklace that was hung on the peg. Then he started to swallow the pearls necklace. The King was astonished to see this and thought that it would be wrong to snatch the pearl necklace from the swan’s mouth as it would hurt the swan and it would be against his principle of not hurting any living being. So he let the swan swallow the entire necklace. Then he slept next to Alokika.
Then next morning Alolika woke up and thought ‘This person is the greatest fool of all and not only that he does not have manliness.’ She was very angry when she thought this way. She started to leave the room and looked for her necklace on the peg. But, she did not see the necklace there. So she asked the guest, the King Vikramaditya about the necklace and accused him that just like a seasoned great thief he stole the necklace foolishly without thinking. Then she ordered him to return the necklace immediately, as he would not get away with this theft. She also told him that after returning the necklace he should just get out, the way he came there. She also said that every one will discuss this incident and he would face defamation.
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