<bgsound src="shani.mp3"> Shani Mahatmya

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Hopefully, my THOUGHTS are
complementary to SHANIMHATMYA.
-Anand Gupte

JULY 2006 Addition!
FAITH (Shrdhdha) and PATIENCE (Saburee)

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I am so happy to mention here that I have updated this translation today (July 30, 2011) according to the suggestions from Vickrem N. I am very much thankful to him. He lives in Queensland, Australia.

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Suryadev (SUN)

"Om hram hreem hroum sah suryaya namah"

Japa kusuma-sankasham kashyapeyam maha-dyutim
tamo-rim sarva-papa-ghnam pranato ' smi divakaram

I bow down to greet with devotion to Diwaakara
(Lord Sun), who is the son of the Rishi Kashyapa,
and who looks like the bright red hibiscus flowers
and destroys all the darkness of ignorance and sin.

Chandradev (MOON)

"Om shram sreem shraum sah chandraya namah"

Dadhi Shankha tushaarabham ksheero darnava sambhavam
Namaami shashinam somam shambhor mukuta bhushanam

I bow down to greet with devotion to Soma (Lord Moon).
He looks all white like the fresh yogurt,
the shell and the fine spray of water.
He emerged out of the great ocean,
who enriches the brilliance of Lord Shiva's crown
and who carries the sign of a hare.
(Note: Many times we can see the outline of a hare
on the full white disc of the moon.)

Mangladev (MARS)

"Om kram kreem kroum sah bhaumaya namah "

Dharani garbha sambhutam vidyut kanti samaprabham
Kumaram shakti hastam tam mangalam pranamamyaham

I bow down to greet with devotion to Mangala, (Mars)
who is born from the bowels (insides) of the earth
and whose brilliance is just like that of the lightning
and who is (like) a young man with powerful strong arms.

Budhdev (MERCURY)

"Om bram breem broum sah budhaya namah"

Priyangu Kalika Shyaamam Roopena Pratimam Budham
Soumyam Soumya gunopetam tam Budham Pranamamyaham.

I bow down to greet with devotion to Budha, who
looks somewhat dark like the fragrant buds of Priyangu
and yet who looks handsome, and who is very mild natured
with all the gentleness (sympathy and compassion) for all.

Gurudev (JUPITER)

"Om jhram jhreem jroum sah gurave namah "

Devanam cha rishinam cha Gurum kaanchan Sannibhaam
Buddhi bhutam Trilokesham tam namaami Brihaspatim.

I bow down with devotion to greet Jupiter,
the great teacher of both gods and rishis,
and who looks glittering like gold and rules
over all the three worlds (namely Heaven, Earth and
the Nether World) with His intellect.


"Om dram dreem droum sah shukraya namah "

Hima kunda mrinalaabham daityanam paramam gurum
Sarv shastra pravaktaram bhargavem pranamamyaham

I bow down to greet with devotion to Bhargava (Venus)
whose complexion is like that of the stalk of a lotus plant
like snow (white) and who is the greatest teacher
of demons and who is well versed
in all the branches of science.


"Om bhram bhreem bhroum sah rahave namah "

Ardha Kaayam maha veryam chandraditya vimardhanam
Simhika garbha sambhutam tam rahum pranamamyaham

I bow down to greet with devotion to Rahu, who is
born from the lioness’ womb and who
has half body (only the torso) and (yet)who is brave
brave and causes eclipses to both the Sun and the Moon.


"Om sraam sreem sraum sah ketave namah"

Palasha pushpa sankaasham taraka graha mastakam
Roudram roudratmakam ghoram tam ketum Pranamamyaham.

I bow down to greet with devotion to Ketu, who
stands before (ahead of) all the stars and
planets and who has a terrible temperament
among the terrible. His complexion is like that BR> of the flowers of Palasa.

Shanidev (SATURN)

"Om pram preem proum sah shanaischaraya namah "

Nelanjan samabhasam ravi putram yamagrajam
Chaaya martand sambhutam tam namami shanaischaram

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Mantra for pacifying the ill-effects of the planets



Suggested Translation:

I (humbly) offer my salutations to and (at the same time) I also take refuse under Gauri, also known as Trimbakaa (wife of Triambak three eyed Shiva or feminine side of (Bhagwan) Shiva) also known as Narayani (Laxmi, wife of (Bhagawan) Vishnu) who is the cause of all that is auspicious and who is granter of all pursuits.

One thought forwarded:

By addressing Gauri and Laxmi (Narayani) in one sentence – is it implied that Gauri and Laxmi (Narayani) are the same? By chanting this verse we are invoking the grace of Shaktidevi in either of her forms.
Apparently, this verse is chanted for pacifying the ill-effects of the planets. It is beneficial for anyone who chants...

Anand Gupte

Denali Park, Alaska

May 2012


I bow down to greet Shanaishchara, one who is slow in motion ( Shaniah = slow, charah = move) (Saturn), the elder brother of Yama (the God of Death) and who is born from ( who is the son of ) Martanda (the Sun) and Chhaya and who is the son of Ravi (the Sun) . His complexion is blackish, like that of black eye ointment (used as an eye liner, made out of black soot mixed with clarified butter).
(Mythologically Shani was one of the three sons of Martanda, or Surya by Chhaya. Chhaya was the attendant of his wife Sangya who was Vishvakarma's daughter and had by Surya three sons.)

OM! First we pray to Gananayaka-Ekadanta-Varadayaka-Vinayaka and ask Him to bless us. (1) Then we will ask for the blessings from the goddess of speech, Saraswati who rides the swans and also has Veena in her other hand. (2) We also seek blessings from our Guru. We also pray to Panduranga. With the blessings of God, now I try to translate into English (line by line) about the importance of all the nine planets (Navagraha), which was first written in Gujarathi and then translated into Marathi in many verses long back. After listening to this narration with due concentration, all the obstacles in your path will be removed. (5)

Vikramaditya once ruled the city of Ujjayini. He was a righteous intellectual philanthropist and ever anxious to relieve his subjects of any misery. He treated his citizens like they were his children, and they in turn regarded him as their own father. One day, there were many learned and wise men in his court, so the King decided to commence a discussion about which planet was superior among the group of the nine planets (8)

So the wise men opened their books and scriptures and came forward to take part in the discussion by telling the audience about their favorite planet. (10) The first wise man started with the planet Sun. He said, 'The Sun is very important and the chief deity as all the rest of the planets move according to his command. He is called 'Suryanarayan' which means "Sun God". Sun gives life to all the creatures and is the brightest planet. All persons who worship Suryanarayan get everything in life. One can get rid of pain due to illness and poverty just by thinking about the Sun and those who worship the Sun will have all their desires fulfilled. Though all the nine planets are powerful, Suryanarayan has great strength and has the power to enlighten the whole world, we can see this with our own eyes and this is why he is the greatest of all planets.' (16)

Then the second wise man stood in front of the assembly and said, 'Moon is the best planet. Moon is a gardener and owns all the plants and trees. At night, he gives light to all the plants and trees and nourishes them to grow. He is the king of the night with a huge body. He has sixteen phases, is of clear mind and troubles no one. In fact he is famous for his calming effect and this is why Lord Shiva keeps the Moon on his forehead to soothe himself. Moon gives pleasure to all so it is nice to worship Moon.' (20)

Then the third wise man stood up and said to the King, 'Mars is a goldsmith and is very powerful and very cruel. We do not know about his cruelty, which is like the edge of a sword, and we don't know how it will swing. However, Mars will bless his worshipers and will always be happy with them and will fulfil their desires. Those who do not worship Mars due to their pride will face his wrath, loose all their wealth, descendants and ultimately be ruined. . (25)

After this the fourth wise man started to say, 'Mercury is very powerful. Of all the planets Mercury has amazing velour. He is a merchant and is on the apex among the Nine-planets. If Mercury is pleased with you he will make you rich and make your path to success free of any barriers. Mercury is very wise and not cruel; he removes the worldly worries of everybody all the times.' (30)

Then the fifth wise man said, 'Jupiter has amazing power. Jupiter is ranked first amongst the gods, including Indradev. The extent of Jupiter's knowledge is beyond comprehension. He is full of mercy to his devotees. He removes earthly pangs and crushes the negative outcomes of your deeds. Just by looking at him, you will be rid of all the sorrows, pain and poverty. Jupiter is most desirable among the nine planets. Jupiter is Brahmin, the highest cast. All the gods respect him and listen to him. Even if you don't pray to the other planets just by serving Jupiter all other planets will be pleased. Even Lord Shiva prays to Jupiter and this is why Jupiter is ranked first. (37)

Then the sixth wise man said, 'Venus is a very good planet. Venus is known as Shukra in Sanskrit. Shukra favored demons by using the Sanjivani Mantra for rejuvenating demons after their death. Shukra is also demons' Guru, spiritual master. All the three universes are under his command and he has boundless power. Shukra will destroy all the deeds, good or bad. Just by chanting his name all obstacles will vanish. Those who worship Shukra, obtain limitless courage. Shukra's body is bright and shining and he is one-eyed. Just by remembering his name, you will be rid of all the pains, illness and poverty. His greatness is legendary in the scriptures and that is why he is the greatest of all nine planets.' (43)

After listening about these six planets, King Vikramaditya nodded his head and said, 'you have all done an excellent job to describe the greatness about the planets so we should all remember these planets all the time. Now, let us know if any other planets are left and if so, let us hear more about them as well.' (45)

(47) Then some of the men said, 'Rahu and Ketu are two very peculiar planets. They both come from the dynasty of demons and belong to Matang cast or tribe. Both of them are very cruel. The Moon and Sun are scared of these planets and shudder just by looking at them. Rahu troubles Chandra (the Moon) while Ketu troubles Surya(the Sun). We observe this effect every time an eclipse occurs. They also trouble all humans as well as other creatures. Oh King, both of them trouble all of us as per their nature just as both of them look alike. However, they are appeased when worshiped so we should always remember to worship them.' (51)

Then the ninth wise man said, ‘ Shanidev, Saturn is the greatest planet of all and has the most amazing strength. We do not know his style but a person gets easy ways after getting Shanidev’s blessings. (52) He is the cause of all pains but can also give great happiness. When he gets angry he will give a person many problems. Shanidev gets angry very quickly and is capable of causing the complete ruin of an individual and this is why many people worship him for his blessings. His appearance is that of an oilman and his body is black. He walks lamely but is handsome and he worships the God of Time (Kalbhairav). (57) He is undefeated in any battle whether the battle is with the gods or demons and can crush anybody merely with his looks.

Now, listen to the story about his wonderful eyesight. When Shanidev was born he looked at his father, the Sun god with his charioteer and horses. As soon as he looked at them, Sun god got inflected with terrible skin disease, the charioteer turned lame and the horses became blind. They all tried every other remedy but, without any success. When Shanidev looked at them again, Sun god with his charioteer and horses became normal and healthy. When King Vikramaditya listened to this talk, he laughed and said, ‘ It is useless to give birth to this kind of a son. This son is just like an enemy. Oh wise men, let me know, if this kind of son damages so much at just after the birth, how much more damage he might do later on. King Vikramaditya said this very loudly while clapping his hands in mockery. As King Vikramaditya finished saying, a very strange thing happened. Please listen vary carefully what happened next.

At that time, Shanidev was flying in that vicinity on his chariot and upon hearing the king's comments he descended his chariot and entered the King's court. When the wise men saw Shanidev on his chariot they told the King that Shainidev was there. So, the King immediately stood up and bowed down at Shanidev's feet but, Shanidev pushed him aside and said, 'You are an arrogant King and amazingly good in sarcasms and taunting so now I will show you the wonder that you will never forget Because you spoke about me with such sarcasm and mockery, I, the Saturn will move in the place of Virgo in your horoscope. Then you will see my amazing powers and results of your (bad) luck.

After saying this, Shanidev embarked in his chariot. Deeply upset the King begged for mercy and asked for forgiveness but Shanidev refused and insisted that he would definitely show the bad results and swiftly flew away.

So the King was sad and started to think. He said to the wise men that he was very silly for making fun of Shanidev and through his impulsive comments had hurt Shanidev's feelings unnecessarily.

''Now, Shanidev will definitely trouble me. So, what shall I do? Is there any way I can fix this situation?
But deep inside King Vikramaditya knew what he did was wrong and accepted that whatever is going to happen will happen.
So the king became sadder about his fate. He adjourned the meeting of the wise men and went to his bedroom to rest. Then one month passed and Shanidev moved to the twelfth house of King Vikramaditya's horoscope. This is supposed to be the worst and cruel situation that could happen in any body's horoscope.

Then the wise men said that the King should worship Shanidev, as Shanidev would definitely rule over his horoscope for next seven and half years. Since the King made fun of Shani, Shani would trouble him as he could trouble all the three universes. The wise men then showed the method as how one could worship Shanidev. They said, 'Listen to this method very attentively. First take a shower with medicinal herbs. Then, take an iron horseshoe and make an idol from that horseshoe. Then install that idol in an earthen pot. By pouring a mixture of oil and water on the idol, start worship. Then repeat Shanidev's name twenty three thousand times. Once this is complete give gifts to the Brahmins as if they were Shanidev. When the Brahmins will be happy think, that Shanidev is happy. Then the King said, 'But, Shanidev would not be pleased with me. So let happen what is going to happen.' Then he told the wise men to leave and go home. (76)

Now listen carefully what happened next.
After few days, sometime in the afternoon, Shanidev came to Ujjayani disguised as a horse trader. King Vikramaditya also came there and inquired about the horse prices. Then Shanidev said, 'Try this horse and you will know what the real worth of this horse is.' Then he brought a nice horse with a rider on the horse. The horse rider moved the horse in circles. The horse had a very good speed. Then he brought another beautiful horse and said 'This horse is worth one million rupees.' He immediately brought this horse in front of the King and asked him to ride the horse. The King mounted the horse and used his whip to make the horse run faster. This made the horse to run at the speed of a wind. To calm down the horse the King whipped him again but the horse started to run faster and faster as if the horse was flying. Soon, the horse took the king far away on other side of a river into a forest. When the horse eventually stopped the king stepped down to examine his surroundings. Immediately the horse disappeared and also the river and the forest disappeared. He thought nobody knows how God acts so why should he bother about the horse or the river. Night began to fall. King Vikramaditya could no longer see the path in front of him. So he rested his head on the ground and fell asleep. When the Sun rose in the morning he began walking and walked slowly about eight miles (four Kosas) towards a city called Tamlinda.

Now let us see what happened in the city of Ujjaini. Eight hours passed and still the King did not return, so all the citizens of Ujjaini waited and waited for the King. So Shanidev, disguised as a horse trader asked the Prime Minister either to pay the price of the horse or return the horse. So, the Prime Minister paid the full price of the horse. Then Shanidev, as the horse trader, went away. But the Prime Minister became very sad and he started to search for the King. All the citizens participated in the search all over the country. (114)

Now, let us see the condition of King Vikramaditya. As he entered the city of Tamlinda, he met a very rich merchant who owned a local shop. The merchant's name was Shripati and his sale was always double. After seeing the King, the merchant thought about him as a very fine gentleman so, the merchant invited the King to his house with some calculated schemes. He asked the king to refresh himself by taking shower etc. And then, he inquired about him as a formality. So the king replied that he was a Kshatriya and came from a foreign land and was in transit. Then the merchant ordered nice meals of six flavors (six course meal) for Vikramaditya and whilst dining asked Vikramaditya to stay for the night and leave in the morning. (118)

After the dinner the merchant asked for more details about the king very frankly as he had some other intentions about the king.

It so happened that the merchant had a daughter of a marriageable age called Alolika. Alolika could not find a suitable match for herself, nor could the merchant find one for her. So the merchant had an idea that this Kshatriya would be a good match for Alolika so he went to find her to tell her the good news. When he found Alolika he excitedly told her 'I found a very good match for you. Please marry him without any hesitation.'

But Alolika said, 'Let me talk to him and then I can judge from the way he talks whether this kshtriya is good match for me. You might have seen many good qualities in him, but still, let me judge him.' So she asked her father to send the Kshatriya to the guest room, which was a studio for a painter.

So Shripati went back to Vikramaditya and told him that the studio was available if Vikramaditya wanted to sleep. So keen not to offend his host, Vikramaditya went to the guest room. When the king reached there, he saw that there were many good paintings of the birds such as swans, peacocks nightingales etc, also, he saw the paintings of animals such as horses and elephants. The paintings were so realistic that one could feel that the birds and the animals were alive. He sat on the bed, which was decorated with jewels and beautiful colors and flowers. He also noticed that there were many lamps in every corner. On seeing this he was astonished and kept on marveling about the customs of that place. Then he thought about what to do and decided to face the next moments as they come. Deep down he knew that Shanidev who bothers all, must have planned these events and with these thoughts Vikramaditya tried to go to sleep. Unfortunately his mind was still at unease so he covered his head to try and get to sleep.

After a short while Alolika entered in the studio where the king was sleeping. She brought with her all the paraphernalia as per the custom of the time such as five oil lamps in a plate with flowers etc. to greet the king. She did beautiful make up and wore pearl necklaces and used very aromatic perfumes. She also wore anklets, which were making a very pleasant sound. She had diamond ornaments on her hands, which were shining very brightly. She was looking like a beautiful statue and stood in front of the Vikramaditya who was pretending to be asleep. As he did not awaken, Alokika thought for a while and sprinkled some water from a sandal wood jug onto Vikramaditya. Still Vikramaditya did not wake up. Thus, about two hours passed so Alolika got tired and took off her pearl necklace and hung it on a peg (hook) on a nearby wall. Eventually she fell asleep somewhat worried and disappointed.

Then Vikramaditya uncovered his head and started to think. Who is this girl? and why is she sleeping next to me? Keen to not commit any immoral doings Vikramaditya decided it would be best to control his desires and treat this girl like a daughter and talk to her in that respect.

Then he looked around and again saw the paintings. Suddenly, as if it would be a miracle, the swan from one of the paintings came to life approached Alolika's pearl necklace and grabbed it with its mouth. The King was astonished to see this and thought that it would be wrong to snatch the pearl necklace from the swan's mouth as it would hurt the swan and it would be against his principle of not hurting any living being. So he watched as the swan swallowed the entire necklace. Confused about what he witnessed Vikramaditya fell asleep. .

The next morning Alolika woke up and thought to herself 'This person is the greatest fool of all. For the whole night I was sleeping near him and he never awoke. Clearly this kshtriya has no manliness'. She was very angry and felt insulted that Vikramaditya was not attracted to her. So, she started to leave the room and looked for her necklace on the peg. To her amazement, the necklace was missing so she woke up Vikramaditya and accused him of stealing the necklace. She ordered him to return the necklace and get out the way he came. She also threatened to tell all the villagers about what had happened and told Vikramaditya that he would face public humiliation and shame for his theft. (160)

So the King said that he did not take the necklace, and just because he slept there he was being accused.

So, Alolika became very angry and immediately told her father that the perfect match, he brought home was a mere professional thief who stole her necklace. Then she told her father to get the necklace from the guest and send him on his way.

Then, Shripati said to Vikramaditya , ‘I gave you a (nice) place to rest, gave you nice dinner and on top of that I was about to offer you to marry my daughter. But, in spite of this you stole her necklace. How foolishly you behaved! And that’s the way you are returning my favors! So, return the necklace immediately and go away back to where you came from.'

Vikramaditya said to the merchant that he did not take the necklace and as a result of his fate (and his decisions) he was in trouble. On hearing this, Shripati got even angrier and he ordered his servants to tie up Vikramaditya and beat him mercilessly until the necklace was returned.

The servants did as ordered and beat the king mercilessly. The merchant kept on saying, ‘Beat him! Beat him! Return the necklace immediately!’ After getting so much beating, the King got fatigued and said to the merchant, ‘I do not have the necklace. You are beating me unnecessarily.’

Then Shripati thought that this guest was a real seasoned (experienced) thief and he would not give the necklace. So being a very practical person he went to the court of King Chandrasen of Tamlinda city and told him every thing. After hearing Shripati’s complaint, King Chandrasen ordered Vikramaditya to be brought to the royal court for questioning. So, a group Shripati’s servants rushed to bring Vikramaditya in front of King Chandrasen. Vikramaditya bowed down to King Chandrasen and stood in front of him. Then the King Chandrasen ordered Vikramaditya to return the necklace to Shripati to save his life.

Then Vikramaditya said, 'I never spoke lies. I did not take the necklace. Unnecessarily you are all thinking of what really has not happened. The position of planets in my horoscope was not favorable to me. That gave me trouble, so what is the point of thinking about what happened. Whatever has to happen, happened. One should not rob. But, he should be forgiven. So, please have mercy!'

After listening to this, King Chandrasen became very furious and thought that Vikramaditya was playing games with him, Being very furious, he looked red like a red hot coal in the fire, so he said in roaring sound to the servants,' Cut off his hands and feet and throw him out of the city and leave him without food and water.' It was Shanidev who spoke through King Chandrasen and hence Chandrasen was not thinking properly. (187)

Immediately the servants got ready and took King Vikramditya out of the city and cut off his hands and feet mercilessly. So, all the citizens wept for this disaster. Then the servants went to King Chandrasen. King Chandrasen said, ‘There is no point to think whether he survived or died after cutting off the limbs, because he will surly die.’

Now King Vikramditya was in great agony day and night due to severe body pain, hunger and thirst. He was twitching like a fish without water. Some people, who used to pass by, saw him and felt sorry for him. But, they were helpless, due to the fear that it would make King Chandrasen unhappy if they disobeyed the order of not to give food or water to Vikramaditya.

Vikramaditya also was weeping and was begging for mercy from Shanidev. So Shanidev became merciful and compassionate and thought that King Vikramditya is now pushed to the limit of agony. So he made King Chandrasen think mercifully and King Chandrasen decreed, ‘It is OK to give food and water to the limbless thief.’

Then King Vikramditya got plenty of food and water. But being limbless he had great pain all the time and used to scream day and night due to agony. Vikramaditya suffered in this state for two years!

Now, it so happened that later on one day, one oilman’s wife was going to her in-laws' place. In those days travel for some people was done by carrying the traveler by four strong men on a chair-lift. And she was being carried like that to her in-laws' place. She was passing through the forest where Vikramaditya was lying in a limbless condition. She was originally from Ujjain and her in-laws stayed in the city of Tamlinda.

Since it was on her way she saw King Vikramditya. She wondered why the king was there. So she got down and went close to the king and thought that without the limbs, the king must be in a horrible situation. Then King Vikramditya saw her and said, ‘May you and your husband live for a very long time! And let me know any news from back home in detail.’ Then she said, ‘Everybody is OK and doing well back home. But, how did it happen to you to be in this condition.’

Then the King replied, ‘This is the result of my fate. The position of the planets in my horoscope was not favorable. So the God put me in this condition.’ Then he narrated the whole history about his condition.

So the lady said, 'So, that is the luck you have!' Then she told the other men (who carried her) to carry the King on the chair-lift and brought him to her house with great respect. When the oilman, her father-in-law, saw the limbless king, he was very frightened. The oilman thought that King Chandrasen would be angry if he knew that he was supporting this limbless person, being punished by the King. But his daughter-in -law said that this limbless person was in fact King Vikramditya of Ujjaini and it was their fortune that they could bring him to their home, she further said, that the King was like a jewel thrown in the heap of garbage!

Unconvinced, the oilman went to see King Chandrasen and told him that he wished to house the condemned thief as he felt compassion for the limbless thief, so the King allowed the oilman to bring the limbless thief home.

Then Vikramaditya told him, ‘Please do not disclose to anybody that I am Vikramditya, the king of Ujjaini.’ So the oilman said, ‘This is fine with me. You will stay here and I will provide you with food and clothes etc. and you help me to operate the grinder to extract oil from the peanuts and other nuts.’

Then King Vikramaditya said to him, ’You have done this favor to me very wisely and saved me from the disaster and I am really grateful to you.’ With this kind of an arrangement (of hardship) the king stayed with the oilman for next seven years.

Now, the next part of the story needs total attention to understand.

One evening, King Vikramditya somehow started to sing while he was operating the grinder. The musical composition of Raga Deep is mostly sung or played in the evening by the artists. So the king was singing Raga Deep with extreme precision in the most melodious voice. It is said that if Raga Deep is sung with intense accuracy in the most melodious voice, the oil lamps are lit automatically! As such was the situation, thousands of oil lamps ware lit automatically as soon as the King started singing. The whole city was illuminated as if the festival of Depavali started.

That time, princess Padmasena was sitting happily in her one pillared palace. When she saw the bright light out side, she called her maids and asked them, ‘I am really surprised. There is no wedding ceremony nor it is the time for the festival of lights, so please find out quickly who is having the festival of lights?’

By this time, Vikramaditya finished the musical composition of Raga Deep. Soon after that, the lights were turned off. But, then he started to sing the musical composition of Raga Shree. So Padmasena said to her maids, ’It is certain now that this singer is not an ordinary singer. He must be an expert in music. So, please find out where he lives and better yet, just bring him over here.’

So the four maids went to search the whereabouts of the singer and found him operating the grinder at the oilman’s place. So they told Padmasena about the singer accordingly. They also told her that the singer looked like a clown, being a limbless person. But Padmasena insisted that they bring that singer to her palace so she could even marry him, even if her father, king Chandrasen, convicted him as a thief. Afterwards the maids agreed to bring the singer if she would take the responsibility to face her father, king Chandrasen. So, Padmasena assured them that she would tell her father everything.

Thereupon, the maids brought the singer, the thief, Vikramditya to her palace. Padmasena said to Vikramditya, ‘Please continue your singing as I am very much eager to listen to the music.’ So the king started to sing like an expert in a very melodious voice in the princess’ palace. King Chandrasen could hear this singing in his palace. So he asked the maids.’ What is going on in the princess’ palace as if there is festivity going on for day and night?’ So the maids replied with a request,’ please go to the palace of the princess and see it for yourself!’ But as the king was very sleepy then, he postponed visiting his daughter, the princess Padmasena.

Now, you have to listen very carefully what happened next!

King Vikramditya was sitting in the princess’ palace with too many worries. Shanidev’s curse for seven and half years was about to subside. So he was thinking when Shainidev would be pleased with him so he would return back to city of Ujjaini. While he was thinking in this way, Shanidev appeared happily in front of him. Shanidev said to him, ‘It looks like you have not recognized me due to ignorance. Did you not experience enough of my wrath?’

So, the King tried to stand up, but being limbless, he laid down on the ground in a gesture of bowing down to Shanidev.

Then Shanidev said, ’I am pleased with you, King Vikramaditya ! So, ask for any blessing from me and I will fulfill your wish.’

So the King said, ‘I only wish that you will have mercy and not give any more trouble to the mankind. I have suffered a lot but rest of the people cannot bear suffering the way I suffered. That’s the only thing I am asking as a boon from you, Shanidev!

So, Shanidev restored his limbs and turned his body beautiful. Then the King bowed down to Shanidev and said again, ‘You will have mercy and you will not give any more trouble to the mankind.’

So Shanidev said, ’I may have troubled you a lot, but you should see how much more trouble I caused to Gurudev. As compared to Gurudev’s trouble, your trouble will look insignificant. Listen also to the stories about how I troubled gods and the demons.’

So Shanidev started his story.

One morning, I bowed down to Gurudev. Then I requested to him with my folded hands, ’Please accept me in your zodiac sign for next seven and half years.’ So, Gurudev said, ‘Please do not come into my zodiac sign at all.’ Then I told him, ‘You do not like me, and you want to avoid me. In fact, no body wants me! So please let me be with you for at least five years, or (perhaps) for at least two and half years’ But Gurudev still refused me. So, I told him boldly, ‘One should respect Gurudev and not trouble him, since Gurudev protects like a mother! Those who do not respect Gurudev will surely go to abyss (To the bottom).

So, I bowed down to Gurudev and requested him, ‘Ask me anything as I am pleased with you!’ So Gurudev said to me again, ‘I am asking you not to bother me!’ So I was pleased with him and said, ‘I will be in your zodiac sign for only fifteen hours (seven and half ‘Prahars’) and you cannot refuse me now!’ So finely, Gurudev agreed that Shanidev could be in his zodiac sign for two and half hours. Gurudev thought and
boasted that he would spend this period of two and half hours just by taking bath in the river and then praying the gods( This prayer is called “Sandhya” by The Marathi poet Tatyaji Mahapati ) so Shanidev would be helpless and there would be no harm to him!

Then Shanidev knew what Gurudev was thinking. So Shanidev decided to show his miraculous power. As it was the right time, for Shani, Guru became eager to take a bath in the river Ganga. Guru was then under the shadow of Shani and Guru’s appearance changed. Shanidev appeared as a monk and offered Guru two cantaloupe fruits.

Gurudev gladly accepted those two cantaloupe fruits, put them in his bag and gave the monk
two coins in return. And, Gurudev kept on going forward towards a city.

It so happened that day, the prince and the minister’s son of that city had gone for hunting and did not return home for lunch. More than two hours passed and still there was no trace of the prince and the minister’s son. So, King Bhrugu sent his servants to search for them beyond the borders of the city. The servants saw Guru in the Brahmin’s dress with the bag containing two cantaloupe fruits.

At that time Shanidev turned those fruits into two human heads. The king’s servants saw Guru, the Brahmin and asked him, ‘What do you have in your bag?’ So the Brahmin (Guru) said, ‘I have two fruits that I will eat them later.’ The servants said, ‘But, there is blood dripping from your bag. So, we don’t care whether you are a Brahmin or a low caste person. Show us immediately what is in your bag.’

As soon as Guru saw the blood on his bag, he was scared. The servants snatched the bag from the Brahmin and opened it to see the two heads belonging to the missing prince and his friend. So they scolded the Brahmin, ‘You do not have remorse in killing these two kids mercilessly like a cruel demon. You have committed this heinous act, unworthy of a Brahmin.’

So they shackled the Brahmin and while beating him brought in front of King Bhrugu. When King Bhrugu heard the news about his son, he fainted and said, ‘Oh God! I lost my only son. This Brahmin who killed my son is like a death messenger. So he must be punished by the death penalty and must be executed by hanging him on the sharp pointed iron pillar out side the city limits immediately.'

There was lot of commotion when the news about the prince’s death spread in the palace of King Bhrugu; it is difficult to write the details of the commotion for the fear of expanding this story. Anyway, the prince’s wife decided to leap into fire out of grief as per the custom of those days. And she was prepared to do this self-immolation, (sati, an act of self-sacrifice to burn in the pyre).

Mean while the servants took the Brahmin to the sharp pointed iron pillar for the execution. The Brahmin became restless and could not think anything but his bad luck. He requested the servants, ‘Please wait a while for the execution. I will give you ten thousand rupees if, you wait for couple of hours.’ The servants felt compassion when they heard the Brahmin’s plea and decided to wait for couple of hours. By this time the limit of two and half hours set by Shanidev was over. The prince and his companion came riding the horse where the execution was about to take place. They knew what might have happened so they ordered the servants not to execute the Brahmin and bring him back to the king.

The Brahmin blessed the king and explained him everything (about the events). The king felt sorry and said, ‘I would have committed a great crime by giving your execution order without knowing the full details. I would be the greatest sinner due to the
ignorance and the ego of my royal power (Rajmad). So please forgive me.’ And he started to cry.

Then he honored Gurudev by giving him and other Brahmins feast with gifts of clothes and ornaments. So Guru said that this happened due to the curse of Shanidev. Then he opened his bag and indeed there were two cantaloupes.

Then Shanidev came near Gurudev and asked him how it went so far. So Guru replied,’ In just two and half hours, you have ruined me. I cannot imagine what would have happened if you had full seven and half years to ruin me! Though I am the highest-ranking planet, you have indeed obliged me. In fact, you are the greatest planet. However, whatever happened, happened for good! So please do not trouble anybody any more.’

So Shani said, 'One should not brag and blow his own horns. I will trouble the person who brags about himself. Gurudev, you boasted and so I had to act like this. Please forgive me for my act.’ (320)

Then Shani went to see Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva said to Shani, ‘What is the purpose of your visit? First take my appointment and then only visit me. ’ While they were discussing like this, Shani suggested that he would visit Shiva on the following day. After listening this, Shiva was hiding in the Kailas Mountain for some time. Then he asked Shani, ‘What did I do to you so you want to trouble me?’ So, Shani said.’ Oh Lord Shiva, all the three universes are scared of you. And you are hiding from me out of fear. This is enough for me.’ Then Shiva smiled and said to him, ‘You are great and your brilliance is overwhelming.’ Then he ordered him to leave.

Then Shani was at a critical position in Lord Shri Ram’s horoscope thereby he had to live in the forest. And same thing happened in Sita’s horoscope with the result that Ravana kidnapped her.

Ravan conquered all the nine planets and imprisoned them under his seat. So, sage Narada, commented me, ‘You are proud to be the greatest planet. But your condition seems to be helpless. It seems that you can trouble only the weak! There is no bravery!’ So, I said to Narada, ‘I am helpless as Ravana had made my face down (and hence I can’t see him). As soon as I can cast my eyes on Ravana, I will destroy him.’

So Narada went to see Ravana and told him, ‘It is not nice to walk on the back of the enemy. But, it is nicer to walk on the enemy’s body with the face up to see your face. So, you should turn them face up.’ So Ravana agreed and turned all the planets face up.’ As soon as Shani could cast his eyes on Ravana, he ruined Ravana and his entire family within six months and ultimately killed him through Lord Rama.

(334) Then Shani came to the cruelest position of the twelfth house of King Harishchandra’s Horoscope. The king lost his kingdom. He was in deep trouble, so much that he had to sell his wife. Not only that, he had to sell himself to a low cast person, called Domb. Due to Shani’s influence the king Nal had disturbed the consternation of sage Kaushik’s penance. So, sage Kaushik cursed him and his queen Damayanti that caused lot of suffering to them. (335) Shani said, ‘This is how I trouble the greatest of the kings.'

Indradev was under the spell of Shanidev. So he could not think properly and had an affair with the wife of Gautam rishi. As a result, Indradev got holes in his body.

When Shani was in Chandra’s house, Chandra got blemishes after touching his Guru’s wife with bad intention.

When Shani was in the bad position of the horoscope that belonged to sage Vashishta, he lost his hundred sons! He also troubled Shara who under Shani’s spell had an affair with a fisherwoman!

Due to Shani's spell, Pandavas lost every thing and had to live in the forest. Under Shani's spell, Kauravas lost every thing in just a moment. Same thing happened with Lord Krishna, and He was accused of stealing the Samyantak Jewel. You can read more about this incidence in the book, “Harivijay”.

Then Lord Krisna Said, ‘You are the greatest planet. All the gods and demons are scared of you.’

Shani said to King Vikrama, ‘This is how I troubled gods and demons. I troubled you just a little bit to demonstrate my extraordinary power.’

Then the king got up immediately and bowed down to Shanidev and said,
'I am surrendering to you for your mercy and please favor me by giving me the boon, that you will not trouble anybody.’

So, Shani said to Vikram, ‘You are also great, and you think of the pains of the other men and women. There is no parallel to your thoughts.’ And, he was pleased with Vikramaditya.

He gave this boon to Vikramaditya, ‘I will never trouble those who will read or listen or preserve this story.' I will be pleased with them and will protect them day and night. I will bring wrath to those who will not read this story or ridicule this story. (350)

One should read this Shanimahtmya every day or at least every Saturday without eating any thing in a happy mood. If you cannot do this, you should at least listen to this story day and night. This will make me happy and I will not trouble them.’

Shanidev further said to Vikram, ‘Such person will also have good fortune. And this is my promise to you.’ Shanidev went to his abode after blessing the King.

Now listeners should pay attention to what happened next.

When Shanidev met with King Vikramaditya in the princess Padmasena’s palace, King Vikramditya's body became very radiant as if the Sun was shining! King Chandrasen was very stunned and speechless when he saw King Vikramaditya, because he was looking like a beautiful statue of Madan (Madan is a very handsome god of love according to Hindu scriptures similar to Cupid or Eros, the handsome god of love from the Greek mythology). Then Padmasena married to King Vikramaditya.

At this time, King Chandrasen asked King Vikramaditya, ‘Sir, who are you?’ Vikram said, ‘I am your thief. So first of all, please call the merchant, Shripati.’ So the group of servants rushed to bring the merchant, Shripati who was resting on a bed. The servants said to him,’ The King has summoned you to his court. So please hurry.’

So, the merchant rushed to the King’s court and bowed down before the King. When the King asked the merchant, the merchant replied, pointing at King Vikramaditya, ‘This is the thief, indeed. So, please come to my house.’

When all of them reached at the artist’s studio they noticed that the lifeless swan from the picture took out the pearl necklace that was swallowed by him. Everybody was surprised to see this and said, ‘Though it is impossible, the lifeless swan, as a matter of fact, did swallow the pearl necklace. And, this great man was blamed.’

Then the merchant was very happy and gave his daughter away to Vikramaditya in marriage.

Then King Chandrasen asked Vikram, ‘From where did you come? Where is your family? Where were you born?’

Then Vikram said to Chandrasen, ‘My name is Vikram and I am the King of Ujjaini.’

When King Chandrasen heard this, he bowed down and said, ‘I have offended you very much and now please have mercy on me. Had I known this earlier, you would not have suffered. How this could be undone when I have acted unknowingly?’

Vikram said, ‘This happened due to the planets' positions in my horoscope. Also, as I did not worship Shanidev, I had to suffer.
You think and act according to the planets' positions in the horoscope. Now, you are talking to me in this manner because the planets are in favorable position in my horoscope.’

Then King Chandrasen spent lot of wealth from his treasures to celebrate the occasion. He also spent lot of wealth on charity and pleased the beggars. Then he called the oilman (who hosted King Vikramaditya). Vikram bowed down to him and pleased him by giving lot of land.

Chandrasen was smiling on his endless good fortune as he had Vikram as his son-in-law.

After about a month, Vikram told Chandrasen that he would now leave for Ujjaini. Chandrasen then, bid him farewell with all the etiquettes, such as, giving him gifts of servants, elephants, horses, army, land including cities. The merchant also gave many gifts such as expensive jewels when he gave away his daughter to Vikram.

Then King Vikramaditya came to Ujjaini with all the gifts. The happy citizens decorated the whole city. Then on a very auspicious time Vikram was enthroned. That time he gave gifts to the beggars to make them happy. Then he was free of worries. Then King Vkram followed the worship for Shanidev. There were no troubles due to the blessings from Shanidev.

(The poet Tatyaji Mahapati says:) This story is read in Maharashtra. I tried to bring the total essence (fundamental real meaning)of this story and presented with my best ability to the faithful audience.
(381) (And, I tried to translate into English to the best of my ability.)

All the obstacles are removed after reading or listening to this story (book). Troubles from the adverse position of planets (the horoscope) that are very severe will also vanish for endless time. After listening to the story of the nine planets, all the pains will be gone! And all the planets will be pleased and will have mercy upon the listeners. Shanidev is recognized as a guardian to the writer. (and this English translator) as well as the readers of this story from all sorts of pains, all the time! Just by visualizing the picture or idol of Shanidev all the time, day and night, the faithful is protected by Shanidev. His all pains and poverty will vanish after listening to this story. This is the result of this story. Tatyaji Mahapati, who wrote this story (from the Gujarathi version) says, ‘May Shanidev who is fearsome but with compassion, be pleased with all of us and also remove our obstacles.’ This is the end of Shanidev’s story. Actually he is the one who inspired to speak and write (and also translate and transcribe into English) this. Other claims are false as every thing is done by the grace of Shree Panduranga (The God). (388). This is the end of Shanimahatmya.

This translator, Anand Gupte prays. ‘Let us be humble and not boastful for any of our achievements as every thing happens with the grace of God Panduranga and His wish. tooch karataa aani karvitaa,(Panduranga is the cause.) sharan tulaa bhagvantaa (Therefore, I surrender to you O Lord!*) .

Transcribed and translated from old Marathi version by: Anand Gupte.
* You may read my thoughts about "SURRENDER" in my website as mentioned in the beginning on left side of this page. Please let me know by email if there are any mistakes or you have any suggestions.


I have now translated and transcribed Hanuman Chalisa into English . CLICK HERE TO GO BACK TO READ HANUMAN CHALISA
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